Questions and answers - Municipal elections

What are the deadlines to apply for postal voting for municipal elections?

If the polling card needs to be sent to an address based in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the request must be submitted online or be sent by post to the College of Aldermen ("collège des bourgmestre et échevins"), under penalty of lapse, at the earliest 12 weeks and at the latest 25 days prior to the election date.

If the polling card needs to be sent to an address abroad, the deadline for applying is 40 days at the latest prior to election day.

What are the 2 different election modes?

Each municipality or part of a municipality with regard to certain municipalities resulting from a merger form an electoral constituency. All the voters of a municipality participate in the election of members of the municipal council.

In municipalities of the Grand Duchy with a population of under 3,000 inhabitants, elections take place according to the system of relative majority. Each voter has as many votes as there are councillors to elect. Voters vote by writing a cross (+ or x) in the box reserved for this purpose after the name of each candidate for whom they vote.

In municipalities with at least 3,000 inhabitants, elections take place according to the proportional voting system. Each voter has as many votes as there are councillors to elect. They may allocate two votes to each of the candidates, up to the total number of votes that they may cast. By filling out the white circle of the box at the top of the list, voters allocate one vote to each candidate on that list. Each box ticked (+ or x) after the name of a candidate counts as one vote for that candidate.

As a Luxembourg national domiciled abroad, am I obliged to vote?

Luxembourg nationals must be domiciled in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg to vote in municipal elections. 

What shall I do if I am unable to vote on election day?

Those who are unable to vote in the election must explain the reason for their absence to their local State Prosecutor, and provide the necessary supporting documents. Unjustified abstentions are punishable by a fine. In the event of repeat offences, the penalty is increased.

The following persons have the right to be excluded:

  • voters who, at the time of the election, live in a municipality other than the one in which they are supposed to vote;
  • voters who are over 75 years of age.
What requirements need to be met in order to vote in municipal elections?

To vote in municipal elections, voters must:

  • be at least 18 years of age on the day of elections;
  • enjoy civil rights and not have been stripped of the right to vote in either their country of residence or in their home country. The second condition cannot, however, be applied to non-Luxembourg citizens who have lost the right to vote in their country of origin due to residency abroad;
  • for Luxembourg nationals, be domiciled in the Grand Duchy;
  • for nationals of another EU Member State, be domiciled in the Grand Duchy and have resided there for at least five years, of which the last year of residence immediately prior to the request for registration on the electoral list must be uninterrupted;
  • for other foreign nationals, be domiciled in the Grand Duchy and have resided there for at least five years, of which the last year of residence immediately prior to the request for registration on the electoral list must be uninterrupted.

The following persons are excluded from the electorate and are not allowed to vote:

  • people who have been convicted of criminal offences;
  • people who, for lesser offences, have been stripped of the right to vote following a conviction;
  • adults under guardianship.
I am a non-Luxembourgish citizen and I have voted in the last municipal elections, am I obliged to register again?

If a foreign national is registered to vote, they will remain registered under the same conditions as Luxembourgish voters (should they move, they do not need to re-register), until they ask to be removed or until they are officially removed because they no longer meet the eligibility criteria.

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